CHARACTERISTICS OF A YOGI AS DESCRIBED BY SHRI KRISHNA

Let us see what are the characteristics of a true yogi as described by Shri Krishna.

Let us see the verse given below:

nāty-aśnatas ‘tu yogo ‘sti

na caikāntam anaśnata

na cāti-svapna-śīlasya

jāgrato naiva cārjuna

In this verse Shri Krishna explains that a true yogi neither eats too much nor he eats too less. He always has a balanced diet. He offers the food first to the lord and only consumes the remnants of it.

Further he also tells that a true yogi neither sleeps too much nor does he sleeps too less. A person must sleep only 6 hours out of 24 hours in a day. If he sleeps less then he will harm his health and if he sleeps more than he will be a lazy person and in either of the cases he will be not be a yogi.

Lets look at another verse which describes this further:

yuktāhāra-vihārasya

yukta-ceṣṭasya karmasu

yukta-svapnāvabodhasya

yogo bhavati dukha-hā

This verse explains that a person who is temperate in his eating and sleeping habits as well as in discharging his duties and recreation can end all his material pains by practicing yoga.

Another verse goes on as follows:

yadā viniyata cittam

ātmany evāvatiṣṭhate

nispha sarva-kāmebhyo

yukta ity ucyate tadā

This verse explains that when a person by practicing the principles of yoga, gains control over his mind, is no longer affected by material desires and attains transcendence, he is said to have attained yoga.

The next verse explains more about the characteristics of a yogi:

yathā dīpo nivāta-stho

negate sopamā smtā

yogino yata-cittasya

yuñjato yogam ātmana

The above verse explains that as the flame of a lamp does not flicker in a place where there is no wind in the similar way a true transcendentalist’s mind is always situated on the supreme and does not waver.

The next 4 verses extend the idea further:

yatroparamate citta

niruddha yoga-sevayā

yatra caivātmanātmāna

paśyann ātmani tuyati

sukham ātyantika yat tad

buddhi-grāhyam atīndriyam

vetti yatra na caivāya

sthitaś calati tattvata

ya labdhvā cāpara lābha

manyate nādhika tata

yasmin sthito na dukhena

guruāpi vicālyate

ta vidyād dukha-sayoga

viyogaṁ yoga-saṁjñitam

These verses explain that a true transcendentalist attains trance(Samadhi) when his mind is fully under his control and is no longer disturbed by materialistic wants and desires. He is able to relish and enjoy in the self. In such a state one enjoys boundless transcendental happiness through his transcendental senses. Upon gaining such happiness one thinks that there is no greater gain and thus never leaves this path. Being situated in such a position one is never shaken even in the times of great difficulties and attains total freedom from all material contacts.

The next verse explains this further:

sa niścayena yoktavyo

yogo ‘nirviṇṇa-cetasā

sakalpa-prabhavān kās

tyaktvā sarvān aśeata

manasaivendriya-grāma

viniyamya samantata

The above verse explains that one should practice yoga with full determination, perseverance and faith. One must abandon all the material desires that arise due to one’s mental ego and thus control all his senses.

One must follow the path of a true yogi and must persevere until he reaches his destination which is the union of one’s soul with the supreme. Though the path appears to be very tough one must take it. Even if one does not get success after repeated trials, one must not leave the path and must continue to tread on it knowing that success is sure at the last.

The next verse goes on as follows:

śanai śanair uparamed

buddhyā dhti-ghītayā

ātma-sastha mana ktvā

na kiñcid api cintayet

The above verse explains that by constant practice one attains trance by means of full intelligence and thus the mind should be fixed on self and nothing else.

The next verse is as follows:

yato yato niścalati

manaś cañcalam asthiram

tatas tato niyamyaitad

ātmany eva vaśaṁ nayet

This verse describes about the unsteady and the ever wandering nature of our mind. The mind is always tempted by material happiness but a true yogi must withdraw his senses and must bring them back under the control of his mind.

The next verse is as follows:

praśānta-manasa hy ena

yogina sukham uttamam

upaiti śānta-rajasa

brahma-bhūtam akalmaam

The above verse explains that the person whose mind is fixed on God attains the highest happiness. By virtue of his identity with the God he becomes free from all material bondages. His mind is fully under his control and is no longer lured by material desires. His passions are subdued and he is free from sin.

The next verse is as follows:

yuñjann eva sadātmāna

yogī vigata-kalmaa

sukhena brahma-sasparśam

atyanta sukham aśnute

This verse explains that when a yogi is devoid of every material bondage, he gets into a deep connection with the supreme consciousness and thus attains true happiness.

Shri Krishna further says the following verse:

sarva-bhūta-stham ātmāna

sarva-bhūtāni cātmani

īkate yoga-yuktātmā

sarvatra sama-darśana

This verse explains that a true yogi always see’s God in all beings and he also see’s every being in God. A true transcendentalist see’s God everywhere.

The next verse is as follows:

yo mā paśyati sarvatra

sarva ca mayi paśyati

tasyāha na praaśyāmi

sa ca me na praṇaśyati

This verse explains that the one who see’s God everywhere is very dear to him. Neither he loses God nor God ever looses him.

Let’s look at the next verse:

ātmaupamyena sarvatra

sama paśyati yo ‘rjuna

sukha vā yadi vā dukha

sa yogī paramo mataḥ

In this verse Shri Krishna explains that the person who is a true yogi never differentiates between any two persons. He see’s them equally both in happiness and distress. Since he distributes the supreme science of Krishna consciousness everywhere hence such a person is regarded as the best of philanthropists and is the dearest to the almighty.

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